Acne is defined as a disorder that mainly affects hair follicles and skin oil glands. The minute holes of the skin known as pores are connected to our oil glands. The function of these glands is to make an oily substance medically termed as sebum. Follicles are the pores, which are connected to the oil glands.
As these tiny holes get blocked by bacteria, dirt, oil, and dead skin cells, it clumps together and forms a plug. Swelling is caused due to the bacteria in the plug. Thus, when the plug breaks down, a pimple or zit grows. However, the root cause of both adult and teen to acne are the same, which excess skin oil. Genetics also play a vital role in having acne issue. Androgen hormones play an important role and during puberty, they are usually found at a higher level.
Acne in Teens
Acne in Adults
- As mentioned above, children during their puberty, have high androgen hormone, a male hormone that both boys and girls have. This causes an excessive amount of production of oil or sebum in their skin.
- Studies show that an adolescent having acne has at least a first degree relative with acne. Genetics is the main reason why some people get the worst acne than others.
- People these days are more prone to eat higher glycemic index food. This high GI level of food makes acne more severe. These food contain high-level carbohydrates and sugar such as pasta, soda, and French fries. And teenagers are often more attracted to fast food restaurants.
- Teenagers usually get pimples on their forehead and cheeks.
- Although hormones in adults become more consistent. However, still people in the 30s get acne issues persistently. The main reason for adults to get acne is hormonal fluctuation. This is common among women because of menstrual cycles. Pregnancy can also make hormonal changes which in turn make acne worst.
- Some chronic health conditions directly affect our hormones that increase oil in the skin. One common example is polycystic ovary syndrome which is known as PCOS. Women suffering from these, have a high testosterone level in their body. These lead to worsening acne.
- Chronic stress among adults can throw adrenal glands into overdrive and it boosts sebum or oil production in the body.
- Some medications like steroids, phenobarbital, and lithium can worsen acne-prone skins.
- Unlike teens, adults tend to have acne around the mouth, jawline, and chin and these are more inflammatory than teenagers.
Both adults and teens face different risk factors for acne. The treatments for both of them are overall the same. Whether one is a teen or adult, it is advisable to not pick or squeeze them. It would result in more breakouts leaving a deep scar.
To deal with acne it’s better to consult an expert and learn about proper acne medication. This would keep further breakouts in the bay. At the same time, using acne friendly beauty products is advisable.