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Differences between Teen Acne and Adult Acne Which You Must Know


Acne is defined as a disorder that mainly affects hair follicles and skin oil glands. The minute holes of the skin known as pores are connected to our oil glands. The function of these glands is to make an oily substance medically termed as sebum. Follicles are the pores, which are connected to the oil glands.


As these tiny holes get blocked by bacteria, dirt, oil, and dead skin cells, it clumps together and forms a plug. Swelling is caused due to the bacteria in the plug. Thus, when the plug breaks down, a pimple or zit grows. However, the root cause of both adult and teen to acne are the same, which excess skin oil. Genetics also play a vital role in having acne issue. Androgen hormones play an important role and during puberty, they are usually found at a higher level.

Acne in Teens

  • As mentioned above, children during their puberty, have high androgen hormone, a male hormone that both boys and girls have. This causes an excessive amount of production of oil or sebum in their skin.
  • Studies show that an adolescent having acne has at least a first degree relative with acne. Genetics is the main reason why some people get the worst acne than others.
  • People these days are more prone to eat higher glycemic index food. This high GI level of food makes acne more severe. These food contain high-level carbohydrates and sugar such as pasta, soda, and French fries. And teenagers are often more attracted to fast food restaurants.
  • Teenagers usually get pimples on their forehead and cheeks.

Acne in Adults

  • Although hormones in adults become more consistent. However, still people in the 30s get acne issues persistently. The main reason for adults to get acne is hormonal fluctuation. This is common among women because of menstrual cycles. Pregnancy can also make hormonal changes which in turn make acne worst.
  • Some chronic health conditions directly affect our hormones that increase oil in the skin. One common example is polycystic ovary syndrome which is known as PCOS. Women suffering from these, have a high testosterone level in their body. These lead to worsening acne.
  • Chronic stress among adults can throw adrenal glands into overdrive and it boosts sebum or oil production in the body.
  • Some medications like steroids, phenobarbital, and lithium can worsen acne-prone skins.
  • Unlike teens, adults tend to have acne around the mouth, jawline, and chin and these are more inflammatory than teenagers.

Both adults and teens face different risk factors for acne. The treatments for both of them are overall the same. Whether one is a teen or adult, it is advisable to not pick or squeeze them. It would result in more breakouts leaving a deep scar.

To deal with acne it’s better to consult an expert and learn about proper acne medication. This would keep further breakouts in the bay. At the same time, using acne friendly beauty products is advisable.

Dr-jha Skin Pigmentation

Top 5 Things You Should Know about Skin Pigmentation Disorder

Have you ever thought about what makes the skin color of one person different from another? Well, every one of us has melanin, a black or brown pigment in our skin. This pigment makes all the difference between the colors of the skins of two different persons. The skin pigmentation disorder takes place when the production of melanin and melanosome transport becomes aberrant. If you are suffering from skin pigmentations for some time now, you should be aware of some of the important factors associated with it. Check the following section of this article to know more about this disorder.

Acquired Vs Inherited 

As the name suggests, the acquired disorders are some conditions that a person can develop throughout their lives. On the other hand, an inherent condition arises because of the genetic transmission that takes place during the birth of a child. In simpler words, an acquired skin pigmentation disorder is the one that was not present during the time of birth. On the other hand, an inherent skin pigmentation disorder indicates a genetic aberrancy.

Pathophysiology

The type, quality and the distribution of the pigment cells construct the color of our skin. Apart from creating our skin color, melanin also protects us from the damaging UV rays of the sun. Genetic factors, as well as the environmental factor, can change the way the transportation and production of the melanin of the skin happen. Some other biological processes, like pregnancy, can also affect the skin pigments.

Causes of Hyper or Hypo Pigmentation of Skin

Some of the internal and external processes can affect the complex process of melanin production and can result in the abnormal skin pigmentation. Internal processes, like endocrine dysfunctions and autoimmune etiologies, can affect the skin pigmentations as well. On the other hand, external processes like sun exposure or medicine can disrupt the melanin production process and cause some type of skin pigmentation disorder.

Epidemiology and Risks

The epidemiology of the acquired skin pigmentation disorders can vary widely depending on the association of the disease. Sometimes, even the infectious diseases cause skin pigmentation disorders in the patients. So, before starting treatment for skin pigmentation disorders, the doctors should make sure that the patient is not suffering from other such associated diseases that cause skin pigmentation.

Prevention

One of the most critical steps that people can take to prevent excessive exposure in the sun. Exposure can increase dark areas through the deposition of melanin. Most of the time, overexposure to the sun rays, can create chronic as well as acute pigmentary darkening of the skin. Other than this factor, the activation and proliferation of exposed melanocytes can also cause acute or chronic skin pigmentation disorder. Most of the time, the quality of the lives of the patients suffering from skin pigmentation disorder gets deteriorated.

The common skin pigmentation often appears on the face of the affected people which causes shaming, embarrassment, low self-esteem, anger, and depression. Most people worry that their condition is contagious and will worsen over time. That is why it is necessary to talk to the patients to understand their level of distress before taking any steps.